Few European countries boast the same natural beauty, history, cultural importance and gastronomical clout as Italy. And they don't do a bad job when it comes to music festivals either.
From intimate electronic gems to open-air rock giants, here are the pick of the bunch.
Festival lineup: Jeff Mills, Craig Richards, DJ Tennis, Dr. Rubinstein, Eris Drew, Eclair Fifi
A fairly new addition to Italy's diverse festival landscape, since launching in 2017 the festival has hit on a winning formula of combing cutting-edge electronic music lineups with beautifully scenic and intimate locations on the southeastern coast.
When & where: 26-28 July 2019, Monopoli
9. Nameless Music Festival
Festival lineup (2018): Armin van Buuren, Axwell Λ Ingrosso, Don Diablo, Steve Angello, Brohug, Kungs
As one of Italy's biggest dance music festivals, Nameless is basically the country's home for the leading names in EDM and big-room house. But rather than an inner-city warehouse or sports stadium, the festival sets up in stunning mountains to the north of Milan each summer, close to the famous Lake Como.
When & where: 7-9 June 2019, Barzio
8. Locus Festival
Festival lineup (2018): James Holden & The Animal Spirits, Kamaal Williams, R+R=Now, Moses Sumney, GoGo Penguin
Amidst the almost overbearingly picturesque village of Locorotondo in Italy's southeast, a selection of modern jazz and soul music's most innovative, creative and forward-thinking artists come together for a series of shows, held over the course of a month.
When & where: July-August 2019 , Locorotondo
7. Siren Festival
Festival lineup (2018): Public Image Ltd, Slowdive, Cosmo, 2manydjs, Nic Cester, Mouse on Mars
Looking out across the Adriatic for four days of intimate performances, Siren festival inhabits the charming coastal town of Vasto, showcasing a selection of alternative music favourites in the streets, piazzas, gardens and even churches.
When & where: 27-29 July 2019, Vasto
6. Movement Torino
Festival lineup (2018): Nina Kraviz, Solomun, Amelie Lens, Derrick May, Charlotte de Witte, Derrick May
The European cousin of the famous Detroit festival has now developed in to one of the continent's biggest and best techno events. Now taking place across two main days in former car factory Lingotto Fiere, there are also a number of peripheral parties, meaning there's ample opportunity to see the scene's leading lights in action.
When & where: October 2019 (Date TBC), Turin
Festival lineup: The National + more TBA
Taking place each summer on the island of Sicily, Ypsigrock hosts a selection of generation-spanning indie and alternative music favourites on the site of the historic castle from which the town of Castelbuono gets its name.
When & where: 8-11 August 2019, Castelbuono, Sicily
4. Kappa FuturFestival
Festival lineup (2018): Solomun, Eric Prydz, Luciano, Marco Carola, Adam Beyer, Luciano
The industrial structure of Turin's Parco Dora has become somewhat iconic in underground house and techno circles, as every year the best from the scene play to huge crowds beneath the imposing metallic arch.
When & where: 6-7 July, Turin
Festival lineup (2018): L'Impératrice, Dekmantel Soundsystem, Lewis OfMan, Marcel Vogel & DJ Rahaan, DJ Spiller
MORE is an international festival series that takes place in Arles (France), Marrakech (Morocco) and Venice, that allows its crowds to enjoy top-tier electronic music in some of the cities' coolest venues. MORE Venice has historically spilled out into the city's beautiful piazzas and canals, with a focus on uplifting house and disco.
When & where: 7-10 June 2019, Venice
2. HOME Festival
Festival lineup (2018): alt-J, The Prodigy, Incubus, Eric Prydz, Caparezza, Django Django, George Fitzgerald
An Italian festival giant, HOME consistently boasts lineups packed with globally renowned artists, from rock icons to superstar DJs to reggae legends. Though previously set in the quaint city of Treviso, the festival will now call its bigger and famous neighbour Venice its home.
When & where: 12-14 July, Venice
1. Club To Club Torino
Festival lineup (2018): Aphex Twin, Beach House, Blood Orange, Jamie xx, Tirzah, Avalon Emerson, Peggy Gou, Leon Vynehall
Normally the top spot of these lists is reserved for your more traditional, open air and multi-genre music festivals that boast lineups of world-beating bands. But in this instance, it's the innovation, impeccable curation and forward-thinking attitude of Turin's experimental electronic music festival that earns it the accolade of being number one.
When & where: 1-4 November 2018, Turin
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