Few European countries boast the same natural beauty, history, cultural importance and gastronomical clout as Italy. And they don't do a bad job when it comes to music festivals either.
From intimate electronic gems to open-air rock giants, here are the pick of the bunch.
Festival lineup (2019): Jeff Mills, Craig Richards, DJ Tennis, Dr. Rubinstein, Eris Drew, Eclair Fifi
A fairly new addition to Italy's diverse festival landscape, since launching in 2017 the festival has hit on a winning formula of combing cutting-edge electronic music lineups with beautifully scenic and intimate locations on the southeastern coast.
When & where: TBC July 2020, Monopoli
9. Nameless Music Festival
Festival lineup (2019): Steve Aoki, Alison Wonderland, Digitalism, Alesso
As one of Italy's biggest dance music festivals, Nameless is basically the country's home for the leading names in EDM and big-room house. But rather than an inner-city warehouse or sports stadium, the festival sets up in stunning mountains to the north of Milan each summer, close to the famous Lake Como.
When & where: 30 May - 2 June 2020, Barzio
8. Locus Festival
Festival lineup (2019): FKJ, Ms. Lauryn Hill, Four Tet, José James, Calcutta
Amidst the almost overbearingly picturesque village of Locorotondo in Italy's southeast, a selection of modern jazz and soul music's most innovative, creative and forward-thinking artists come together for a series of shows, held over the course of a month.
When & where: 25 July - 15 August 2020, Locorotondo
7. FRAC Festival
Festival lineup (2019): Theo Parrish, Lee Fields & The Expressions, Nu Guinea, Planningtorock, Peaking Lights
With five years to its name, FRAC (Festival of Research for Contemporary Arts) is gaining a reputation as one of the leading underground music and visual art festivals in the country. This year the festival relocated to the stunning grounds of the historic Complesso Monumentale San Giovanni di Catanzaro, an appropriate setting for an event subtitled "Memories from the Future", alluding to its respect for tradition and how it informs future culture. Definitely one for the arty types.
When & where: TBC August 2020, Catanzaro
Festival lineup: The National, Spiritualized, David August, Let's Eat Grandma, Fontaines D.C.
Taking place each summer in Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean, Ypsigrock hosts a selection of generation-spanning indie and alternative music favourites as well as a healthy amount of newcomers on the site of the historic castle from which the town of Castelbuono gets its name.
When & where: TBC August 2020, Castelbuono, Sicily
5. Movement Torino
Festival lineup: Amelie Lens, Nastasia Kristensen, ANOTR, Dennis Cruz, DJ Bone, Eddie M, Jamie Jones B2B Joseph. Michael Bibi, PAWSA
The European cousin of the famous Detroit festival has now developed in to one of the continent's biggest and best techno events. Taking place in a former car factory Lingotto Fiere, there are also a number of peripheral parties, meaning there's ample opportunity to see the scene's leading lights in action.
When & where: 31 October 2019, Turin
4. Kappa FuturFestival
Festival lineup (2019): Boris Brejcha, Richie Hawtin, Amelie Lens, Charlotte De Witte, Peggy Gou, Jamie Jones, Nina Kraviz, Seth Troxler
The industrial structure of Turin's Parco Dora has become somewhat iconic in underground house and techno circles, as every year the best from the scene play to huge crowds beneath the imposing metallic arch.
When & where: TBC July 2020, Turin
Festival lineup (2018): L'Impératrice, Dekmantel Soundsystem, Lewis OfMan, Marcel Vogel & DJ Rahaan, DJ Spiller
MORE is an international festival series that takes place in Arles (France), Marrakech (Morocco) and Venice, that allows its crowds to enjoy top-tier electronic music in some of the cities' coolest venues. MORE Venice has historically spilled out into the city's beautiful piazzas and canals, with a focus on uplifting house and disco.
When & where: TBC June 2020, Venice
2. HOME Festival
Festival lineup (2019): Aphex Twin, Paul Kalkbrenner, Young Thug, Pusha T, Editors, Mura Masa, Modeselektor, Jon Hopkins
An Italian festival giant, HOME consistently boasts lineups packed with globally renowned artists, from rock icons to superstar DJs to reggae legends. Though previously set in the quaint city of Treviso, the festival will now call its bigger and famous neighbour Venice its home.
When & where: 10-12 July 2019, Venice
1. Club To Club Torino
Festival lineup (2019): James Blake, Chromatics, Flume, The Comet Is Coming, slowthai
Normally the top spot of these lists is reserved for your more traditional, open air and multi-genre music festivals that boast lineups of world-beating bands. But in this instance, it's the innovation, impeccable curation and forward-thinking attitude of Turin's experimental electronic music festival that earns it the accolade of being number one.
When & where: 30 October - 3 November 2019, Turin
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