Berkeley, California. 1986. 14-year-old school friends Billie Joe Armstrong and Mike Dirnt, both with a budding interest in the local punk scene, formed the band Sweet Children. Unbeknownst to them at the time, this relationship/partnership would provide the blueprint to over thirty years of unprecedented success – a cascade of accolades including Grammy, Billboard Music, BRIT, and MTV Video Music Awards, and multi-million album sales that worldwide followed suit. The rest as they say, is history.
Green Day took punk-rock from the suburbs and sub-cultures, injecting the mainstream malaise with abrasive, vulnerable, and politicised ideals; though this may've irked some of the punk purists over the years, their impact is undeniable.
Now in their fourth decade as a band, the three-piece remain as lovably obnoxious and caustic as they've ever been. The impending release of the considerately named thirteenth studio album Father Of All Motherf**kers suggests they're giving someone the middle-finger at least. After a couple of quiet years then, Green Day intend to make a racket once again, announcing the Hella Mega Tour with pop-punk peers Fall Out Boy and Weezer in tow, alongside headline appearances at Rock am Ring/Rock im Park and Rock For People in 2020.
Let's recap: how did they become one of the world's most beloved punk-rock bands, you say?
Where better to start? Green Day's third album, major label debut, and mainstream breakthrough has one too many highlights to list individually, still being considered one of the 90s most groundbreaking records.
Whether it's the reflection of teenage ennui and idle substance abuse on 'Longview', or anxiety-ridden anthem in 'Basket Case', 1994's Dookie shone an in-ignorable spotlight on punk-rock no less, but also wider themes like sexuality and mental health, both of which weren't prevalent issues in mainstream music at the time.
A Grammy Award win for Best Alternative Album the following year proved they'd struck a proverbial chord with punks and the pop charts alike.
In true fabled Woodstock fashion, mud took centre-stage at the band's now-legendary performance on the festival's 25th anniversary. Weather conditions were treacherously sloppy, so it was bound to descend into chaos after a few beverages were consumed; mud was thrown at the band, and they retaliated, devolving into a no-holds-barred mud fest despite Armstrong declaring "I'm not going to become a mud hippie."
Bassist Dirnt was even speared by a security guard when coming off stage, mistaken for an unruly crowd-surfer which resulted with dislodged front teeth.
Never Mind The Buttocks....
Punk bands often have a penchant for the outrageous, which usually involves nudity at somewhere along the line; Billie Joe Armstrong's butt cheeks to be precise.
Dropping his trousers during a performance in Milwaukee, it wasn't until the post-show lull when the police arrested Armstrong for indecent exposure as to avoid a potential riot. This didn't deter him from typically cheeky behaviour in the years since, however.
'Good Riddance (Time Of Your Life)'
Signalling their first venture away from scuzzy pop-punk, this acoustic folk ballad was actually written several years before but wasn't deemed to fit in with their boyish demeanour.
A surprise then, with Dirnt later commenting that it was the "most punk" thing they could've done, when it became their biggest song to date, sparking the ambitions of plucky singer-songwriters everywhere, regularly heard at open-mics, graduations and funerals in equal measure due to it's nostalgic subject matter.
Not to totally disown their punk credentials, whilst touring 'down under' in promotion of Nimrod, they made a raucous appearance on youth music show Recovery. Ignoring producers, they performed an impromptu and expletive-laden rendition of 'The Grouch' much to the dismay of TV executives and elation of screaming teenagers. Once they'd removed their instruments, they were swiftly removed from the studio themselves.
Pop Disaster Tour
Green Day were arguably the biggest pop-punk band in the world in 2002, alongside Blink 182, of course. A stroke of genius then, to arrange a co-headline tour; billed as "Two punk bands and one pop disaster", the tour was a resounding success despite the excesses, and established both bands as the major players in the pop-punk zeitgeist.
Will the Hella Mega Tour garner the same kind of plaudits? Only time will tell.
A damning indictment of George W.Bush's right-wing leaning presidency and invasion of Iraq, 'American Idiot' turned Green Day into a politically-charged wake-up-call for those affected and those apathetic to Bush's term in office. Dominating airwaves and music video television for months after, the intro's ferocious riff became synonymous with youth rebellion in the US, hitting No.1 on the Billboard chart.
Written via the character of a suburban kid challenging the political landscape, the album American Idiot was even turned into a successful Broadway musical.
'Wake Me Up When September Ends'
American Idiot was a definitive sign of intent from the band, that they were no longer locked in the post-teen goofball stasis, exploring much richer, deeper universal themes.
'Wake Me Up When September Ends', written by Armstrong, harked back to the turmoil he felt as a ten year-old child when his father passed away. Centred around feelings of helplessness and loss, the track became symbolic of Hurricane Katrina's devastation and the 9/11 attacks in particular, where it was dedicated to the victims of these tragedies that blighted America at the time.
924 Gilman Street
There's plenty of unwritten laws to abide by to be an authentic punk. It's just no one really know what they are, as the goalposts keep changing. One certainty though, is that you'd be brandished a 'sellout' with even just a faint whiff of success. This is precisely what happened to Green Day.
The now-iconic non-profit venue and youth club 924 Gilman Street acted as the lynchpin to the Berkeley punk scene, in which Green Day were nurtured and used as a springboard for success alongside peers Rancid and The Offspring.
Shunned because of Dookie's breakout success, the band buried the hatchet years later, returning to play a secret show before their entry into the Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame.
Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame
That segued nicely... Alas, Green Day reached bonafide legendary status upon induction into the revered music institution, not just because of the nomination itself, but the manner in which they were anointed.
Artists can only receive a nomination twenty-five after their debut release, yet as soon as the clock struck to confirm their eligibility, it seemed that Green Day were destined for induction and deservedly confirmed their legacy as punk-rock icons.